CEFRL

CEFRL

The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages is a tool developed to define mastery of foreign languages according to various communicative criteria.


Level A1 - Breakthrough

  • you are able to recognise and use familiar words and simple phrases for concrete purposes.
  • you are able to introduce yourself or someone else.
  • you are able to ask and answer basic questions about home, family, surroundings, etc.
  • you are able to communicate in a basic way when the other person speaks slowly and clearly, and is ready to repeat or reformulate to help communication.

Level A2 - Waystage

  • you can understand isolated phrases and common expressions that relate to areas of high personal relevance (like personal or family information, shopping, immediate environment, work).
  • you can communicate during easy or habitual tasks requiring a basic and direct information exchange on familiar subjects.
  • you can describe your surroundings and communicate immediate needs using simple words.

Level B1 - Threshold

  • you can understand the main points of clear standard speech on familiar subjects in work, school, leisure activities, etc.
  • you can manage in most situations that come up when travelling in a region where the language is spoken.
  • you can produce a simple and cohesive text on familiar subjects or subjects of personal interest.
  • you can narrate an event, an experience or a dream; describe a desire or goal, and outline reasons or explanations behind a project or idea.

Level B2 - Vantage

  • you can understand the main ideas of concrete or abstract topics in a complex text, including a technical article in the user’s area of expertise.
  • you can communicate with a degree of spontaneity and fluency during a conversation with a native speaker, in a way that is comfortable for everyone.
  • you can speak in a clear, detailed way on a number of subjects; express an opinion on current affairs, giving the advantages and disadvantages of the various options.

Level C1 - Proficiency

  • you can understand a wide range of long and complex texts, including any subtextual or stylistic nuances.
  • you can express yourself freely and fluidly, without obviously fumbling for words.
  • you can use the language effectively and fluently in a social, professional or academic context.
  • you can speak in a clear, organised way about complex subjects, developing a well-structured argument.

Level C2 - Mastery

  • you can effortlessly understand almost everything your read or hear.
  • you are capable of a coherent summary of events or arguments from oral or written sources.
  • you can express yourself precisely in a spontaneous, fluent way, conveying finer shades of meaning precisely.